For example, on November 7, the day before the election, The New York Times opined that Clinton then had "a consistent and clear advantage in states worth at least electoral votes.
But, by having the casualties as part of the equation, this ingroup would at least feel morally justified! A high level of group cohesion. Group members should be allowed to discuss with and question the outside experts. Too often these days, in the well-intentioned spirit of good governance, somebody in a group is appointed to be the governance czar.
He also encouraged group members to discuss possible solutions with trusted members within their separate departments, and he even divided the group up into various sub-groups, to partially break the group cohesion. Engineers of the space shuttle knew about some faulty parts months before takeoff, but they did not want negative press so they pushed ahead with the launch anyway.
The author then goes into some other aspects of groupthink, ending in a list of remedies. His recommendations include careful impartiality on the part of the leader as to what decision the group should make; formation of competing teams to study the same problem; and giving "high priority to airing objections and doubts.
Similarly, we can say that it is not stupidity that explains what the Bush Administration has been doing. So, silence from victims of self-censorship is assumed, not as doubt, but as consent to the groupthink decisions.
For significant decisions, make sure your team does the following in their decision-making process: They remain silent even if they have some serious misgiving. Illusions of invulnerability - this wild reckless optimism.
But what emerged subsequent to groupthink was an area called "judgment and decision making," which is one of the most important areas in all of psychology. As I started to read this article by Irving Janis no, I am not an avid reader of psychological diatribes… this was a reading for my MBA!
They must also consider the nature of the situation confronting the leader, such as specific properties of the group, the leader, the problem, and its organizational context.
Case studies[ edit ] Politics and military[ edit ] Groupthink can have a strong hold on political decisions and military operations, which may result in enormous wastage of human and material resources. What about the decision to invade Iraq?
The most predominant symptom of groupthink was the illusion of invulnerability as both companies underestimated potential failure due to years of profitability and success during challenging markets.Groupthink is a term first used in by social psychologist Irving L.
Janis that refers to a psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group.
In many cases, people will set aside their own personal beliefs or. Groupthink is as fresh and relevant a concept today as it was back in ’ And that's a good and bad thing. And that's a good and bad thing. Obviously, in terms of intellectual vitality and the robustness of insights into human nature, it's quite wonderful that it was captured and coined.
After the publication of Janis' book Victims of Groupthink inand a revised edition with the title Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes inthe concept of groupthink was used [by whom?] to explain many other faulty decisions in.
concept of groupthink, which is reaching consensus without adequate examination of ideas. The study was a qualitative, phenomenological design involving semistructured. Check your understanding of the concept of groupthink with this interactive quiz and printable worksheet.
Use the questions to locate study points. Video: Groupthink: Definition & Examples Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.Download