Local community participation in eco tourism

Though some decisions may be taken to meet the basic needs of host-communities by consulting local leaders, the actual motive is to reduce the potential socio-political risks associated with tourism development. Community participation in tourism planning. Distribution of economic benefits from ecotourism: Conclusions and Recommendations This study investigated the nature and extent of participation of local communities in ecotourism development and management in the BFRBS.

Basic steps toward encouraging local participation in nature tourism projects. Socio-demographics Characteristics Table 1 shows that out of the total of respondents surveyed, there were slightly more females Arnstein[12] recognized that there are different levels of citizen participation, ranging from manipulation or therapy of citizens, where participation is a sham, through consultation, to citizen control regarded as genuine participation.

Ecotourism, a guide for planners and managers, Vol. Also, training of local people in alternative livelihood activities such as art and craft making, bee keeping, mushroom growing and grass cutter rearing should not be seen as an end in itself but should be integrated with the needs of the tourism industry so that there will be a ready market for the products and services of trainees so as to ensure the sustainability of such interventions.

Ecotourism development is often imposed from the national level with local communities excluded from the planning, preparation and implementation phases of ecotourism development projects[11]. Finally, future studies on community participation in ecotourism development should focus on the obstacles to full integration and involvement of communities.

International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality, There was a two percentha loss of forest annually from to in Ghana[4]. Despite the benefits associated with community participation, it is rarely found in developing countries[22]. It is a useful framework for analyzing the extent of community participation in an ecotourism venture like the BFRBS.

It is also important that management of the BFRBS ensure that there is free flow of information between them and the local communities.

The effects of tourism development on rural livelihoods in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Cater[26] identifies revenue sharing, entrepreneurship and employment as well as sale of tourist merchandise as the forms in which community involvement in ecotourism could manifest.

According to[26] a community is not a homogeneous construct which means that there will be marked discontinuities socially, sectorally, spatially and temporally. During the same period, visitor arrivals increased from 1, to 1, The reserve is surrounded by six communities as indicated in Figure 1, however, this study was conducted in the three communities of Krofofrom, Kubease, and Nobewam because they are the three main points of entry to the BFRBS.

Agriculture is the mainstay of these rural economies, employing about Community participation and perceived benefits of ecotourism This result is in line with assertions by[20] that community participation in decision making is not only desirable but also necessary so as to maximize the socio-economic benefits of ecotourism for the community.

Since ecotourism takes place in the community, it is thought to be one of the best placed sources of employment opportunities for local communities, including women and the informal sector [23],[27].

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Also, the mode of distribution of the benefits of ecotourism engenders unfairness and inequalities among stakeholders [34],[35]. Simons[17] is of the opinion that involvement of a community in any ecotourism project is vital for the overall success of that project. Areas of Community Involvement Results of the survey indicate that for a greater majority of respondents, community participation in ecotourism development at the BFBS could be described as a elusive.

For community participation to meet the expectations of a local community,[13] observed that the local community needs to be part and parcel of the decision-making body through consultation by elected and appointed local government agencies or by a committee elected by the public specifically for developing and managing ecotourism in their locality.

However, barely a quarter of respondents There was therefore a general low level of education in the communities. It represents an ideal mode of community participation because it provides full managerial responsibility and authority to the host community.

New directions in tourism for 3rd world development.

Exclusion of people in host communities from ecotourism development could hamper their socio-economicdevelopment and the sustainable management of natural and cultural resources expecially in view of the fact that the natural resources are their main source of livelihood.

Through the involvement of host communities, tourism can generate support for conservation among such communities as long as they derive some benefits[3].

Typologies of Community Participation The concepts of community involvement andcommunication participation which are one and the same thing, have received considerable academic interest. Results of the study indicate that one area of concern in community participation in the BFRBS ecotourism project is revenue-sharing.

Thus community participation in ecotourism development could be seen as both a conservation and developmental tool. A combination of both probability and non-probability sampling procedures were employed. The general dissatisfaction with the contribution of ecotourism to their socio-economic development could therefore stem from the fact that they had high expectations which had not been met.

An essential ingredient in community participation is capacity-building. The questionnaire employed for the study was divided into five main sections namely socio- demographic characteristics of respondents, community awareness of ecotourism, level of community involvement, community involvement in forest reserve management and benefits of ecotourism to the communities.

Ecotourism is more beneficial to local communities because it is more labour intensive and offers better small-scale business opportunities[27]. Making ecotourism more supportive of rural development in Ghana.While participation of a local community increases the chances of ecotourism development being successful, problems remain with how participation is conceptualized and practiced.

For example, Drake () defined community participation as the capability of local communities to be involved in projects that will affect their lives. Theories on community participation in ecotourism development advocate obtaining maximum levels of both community control and benefit to achieve sustainable tourism.

This paper explores issues in community-based ecotourism development in a small, remote community in western Mongolia. It assesses the. Community Participation in Ecotourism Benefits forefront within academic and practitioner circles.

The trend toward prioritizing greater local participation in conservation initiatives stems, in part, from the belief that local involvement could reduce hostility toward conservation efforts (Western.

Tafi Atome Monkey Sanctuary; a community-based ecotourism project in a rural community in Ghana and sought to identify what form the local community’s participation in the management of the project had assumed.

stakeholders and embeddedness in local systems are major issues that seem to be the major challeng-es in promoting sustainability in tourism and con-tributing to rural development. Methods that can be used for achieving widespread participation in the tourism development process need to be developed (Reid et al., ).

their life. Community participation is required so that the particular activity can enjoy support from the local community (Eagles [3]). Local economic development is said to have been achieved with less effort where community participation was practiced than where it was ignored (Sachs [10]; Wheelan [12]; Wynne and Lynne [13]).

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Local community participation in eco tourism
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